Istanbul (also known as Byzantium), a historical city of Turkey is the third largest Metropolitan area in Europe. Istanbul has lso served as the capital of many great empires of their time i-e the Roman Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire, the Latin Empire and the Ottoman Empire but since 1923 Ankara is the capital city of Turkey.
It was found in 660 BC by Greek Settlers, they named this new colony as Byzantium after their king Byzas. In 330 AD it became the capital of Roman Empire and its name was also changed. The new name was Constantinople. Later, several attempts made by different Empire and foreigners but in 1930 the Turkish authorities requested people to adopt Istanbul that was in existence since the 10th century.
This amazing city is located in northwestern part of Turkey spread on a wide area of 5343 kilometers. It is divided by Bosphorus. Bosphorus is a strait (a narrow channel of water that connects two larger water bodies) that connects the Sea of Marmara to the Black sea. Bosphorus also divided the city of Istanbul into two continents i-e Asia and Europe. Istanbul is not the only city that is located in two continents, Çanakkale also stands with Istanbul as a bi-continent city.
Some amazing facts about Istanbul:
- Istanbul was the capital of many great Empires of their times but amazingly it is not the capital of Turkey.
- During the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul had more than 1400 public toilets while there was not a single toilet in other European cities.
- Population of Istanbul is over 15 million and is one of the largest cities of the world.
- Tulips have been associated with Netherlands by many people but in fact tulips were introduced by Turkey to the Netherlands.
Hope this information was fruitful for all of you but can anyone from Istanbul tell us more about this
historical city? We’ll wait for the Feedback.