Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, The Father of Algebra

Muhammad ibn Musa al-KhwarizmiName: Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

Born: 780 AD in Khwarizm

Died: 850 AD in Baghdad

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a Mathematician who lived around the 780’s and has made great contributions to the world of mathematics and science. Noteworthy, though, is his development of the algorithms in the same field of mathematics. Since, in computer science, these form the basis for primary calculations, he has therefore been termed as the father of computer science. His discovery of this kind of mathematics has been used in many computer science calculations and discoveries.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was a member of the house of Wisdom in Baghdad where he contributed most of his findings and research. The house of wisdom was merely a center where research into scientific issues was done. It also conducted some teaching activities there. Interestingly, this man has also been linked to the success of modern day algebra. He based most of his works on findings that had been written by scientists and mathematicians who lived before him. But the constant studies and discoveries in mathematics have been used as the foundation for many scientific discoveries.

In an attempt to take his mathematical skills further, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi also made some calculations about the position of the moon. As if that was not enough, his calculations even went as far as including the position of the sun and planets. The calendars and the features of it that portray the accuracy of counting days in a year are also attributed to him and his calculations. Many of the works he did in this area were later picked up by scientists who lived after him for further development and refinement.

It can be noted from the foregoing that this scientist had done a lot of work in terms of coming up with important astrological findings and calculations that proved to be of great importance in the years that followed. But one of the most interesting features about his work is his introduction of the roman numerals in English. To date, this system is still in place and working as he had envisioned it.

20 Responses to Muhammad Ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, The Father of Algebra
  1. Nahyan Bin Khalid
    October 22, 2012 | 2:05 pm

    The great scientist and the genius of his time. Salute to such people.

  2. fauzandean
    October 22, 2012 | 3:37 pm

    Wonder why he was not mentioned, when they taught mathematics ?

  3. Jignesh Dhua
    October 22, 2012 | 6:18 pm

    Al-Khwarizmi was not father of Algebra. He copied all the things from Indian mathematics. All the calculations made by him was actually developed by Indians. He introduced the decimal positional number system to the Western world and decimal positional numbers and operations on decimal numbers is developed in India.

    Al-Khwārizmī’s Zīj al-Sindhind(astronomical tables of Sind and Hind”) is a work consisting of approximately 37 chapters on calendrical and astronomical calculations and 116 tables with calendrical, astronomical and astrological data, as well as a table of sine values. This is the first of many Arabic Zijes based on the Indian astronomical methods known as the sindhind.

    He wrote a treatise in the Arabic language during the 9th century, which was translated into Latin in the 12th century under the title Algoritmi de numero Indorum. This title means “Algoritmi on the numbers of the Indians”, where “Algoritmi” was the translator’s Latinization of Al-Khwarizmi’s name.

    Early use of the word “algorism” is from 1240, in a manual titled Carmen de Algorismo composed by Alexandre de Villedieu. It begins thus:

    “Haec algorismus ars praesens dicitur, in qua Talibus Indorum fruimar bis quinque figuris.”
    “Algorism is the art by which at present we use those Indian figures, which number two times five.”

    So we can not give total credit to Al-Khwarizmi for Algebra and Algorithm. Also we can’t say him “The father of computer science”. because computer science is depends upon “Binary Number System” and “Algorithms” and both invented in India.

  4. Samira
    October 31, 2012 | 8:03 pm

    He was Persian 🙂

  5. DS SD
    November 13, 2012 | 5:39 am

    He was NOT Persian nor Arab by any means- he was born in Kharazm which WAS part of the old Persian empire, spoke Farsi, and Arabic(as it was the official language for the scientists and researchers of that era!), so please try not to change the history and facts!
    He was a great man and belongs to all and everyone from the four corners of the world!

  6. DS SD
    November 13, 2012 | 5:44 am

    He WAS not Persian, nor Arab by any means. He was born in Kharazm which WAS part if the Persian empire, spoke Farsi

  7. Ernest
    November 23, 2012 | 9:12 pm

    Yesterday I saw a BBC documentary about the astounding mechanics of the Antikythera.
    It could show and forsee the positions of the moon and the surrounding planets of the earth.
    It is estimated to be developed by the greeks 100 B.C., so…

  8. No one
    November 24, 2012 | 8:28 pm

    I do not doubt that this gentleman was extremely smart and has contributed to many of the advances in science we have today. To call him the father of algebra is wrong since algebra pre dates him by over 1000 years.

  9. Mohammed
    November 26, 2012 | 11:03 am

    i don’t know, how i visit to this site, its really good one! inshallah i’ll share this site with near & dear’s.. i’ll be very glad if you give me copyright access to share on FB, other then near & dear’s of my will also come to know about this site…

  10. Aziz
    November 26, 2012 | 5:47 pm

    Same as you bro Mohammed i don’t know how i found this web site but really it’s good one

  11. NKB
    November 26, 2012 | 11:55 pm

    Proudly he was Persian scientist.

  12. Mohammad
    December 2, 2012 | 11:18 am
  13. mojtaba
    December 13, 2012 | 1:30 am

    Khwarizmi was extremely smart man and done very good things
    he born in Khwarizm in iran and i proud of him

  14. Mohammad reza
    January 7, 2013 | 1:34 pm

    as a persian i really proud of him.

  15. Syed
    January 23, 2013 | 4:40 pm

    It is same as some one will Ramyan (the great Hindu epic) was wrote by a Muslim. Proof !!! see all the dailogues, in Indian popular Ramayan TV serial , were written by Dr, Rahi Masoom Raza.

  16. Ali
    March 20, 2013 | 6:34 am

    Al-Khwarizmi is one of the great scientest of world, but I dont know that why you guys are racest. If we think honestly he invented Algebra with out copying anybody. He just worked not copied one of his books Kitab al-jam’a wal-tafreeq bil hisab al-hindi that means addition and subtraction in indians’ method. He himself put tha name of indian there as well that indian invent that and he improved that. But he didnt copy the agebra from indians.
    I suggest you guys to be honest just a little bit

  17. Das
    April 29, 2013 | 2:10 pm

    This is absolutely false statement. The oldest math in world is Vedic Math. Around 3000 BC Vedic civilization knew all abouth arithmatic, geometry, algebra, mensuration, trigonometry. People from all over the world used to visit India for knowledge. Read History well before post, please.

  18. Das
    April 29, 2013 | 2:13 pm

    Dialogue were written on the basis of existing Tulsidas Ramayan. Mr.Raza did not invented Ramayan. But here entire credit given to a man who learnt algebra and depicted as inventor of algebra. WTF.

  19. Kadz
    February 2, 2014 | 11:21 am

    He is the father of Algebra, of course there is no doubt for that. Please make sure of what you guys say…

  20. tyrone
    May 13, 2014 | 1:34 pm

    tyrone motherf*****

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