The pen that we use today has gone through a lot of developments from the time it was first invented.
History of Pen
The very first reference to the use of a pen was seen in the year 500 BC in India. By then, they used sticks and bamboos as pens. Most of the books written during that era used this kind of technology. But, interestingly, in the year 300BC, pens made from reeds were used as some scholars have suggested. Upon checking into the discoveries that have been made in the evidence from the past, it has been found that nib pens had been used somewhere around the year 1663.
A fountain pen
In the year 1827 the fountain pen was discovered by Romania Petrache Poenaru. This pen worked for a while and became popular in France where it had been invented and patented. It was mainly famous for its ability to write without messing up the hands of the writer or the paper where it was being written. Later, an improvement to this pen was made in the year 1888 when John J Loud invented the ball point pen. This was an improvement on the earlier design which sometimes never produced a smooth flow of the writing on paper or certain materials. Since this pen had just been invented, there were still other problems associated with it, so it needed improvements.
A ballpoint pen
In the year 1938, Laszro Biro invented a pen that came to be known as a biro pen – after his name. It used a ball that rotated when someone was writing and collected ink which was packed in a cartridge, and smeared it on the paper. This was a sealed pen and had also the advantage of not messing up the paper. But, in the 1960s Yukio Horie invented the felt tipped pens. Finally, roller ball pens came on the market too in the 1970s with well designed features that made them uniquely fit for the purpose.